Unlike English, Spanish pronunciation is always consistent, so once you know the rules you will always know how to pronounce a new Spanish word.
The table below only shows the letters that are pronounced differently from the English, all other letters are the same as the English. Click on the examples to hear the Spanish pronunciation audio.
|a||As the a in father||amigo|
|c||th when before e or i, like the c in cat all other times||
|d||As the d in dog at the start of a word or following an l or n. Between d and th all other times||
|e||As the e in bet||español|
|g||As the h in hat before e or i, the g in game all other times||
|i||As the i in machine||inteligente|
|j||As an English h||mujer|
|ll||As the y in beyond||llamar|
|ñ||As the ny in canyon||niño|
|o||As the o in slope||
|q||As the k in key||que|
|r||As an English r with a slight roll||restaurante|
|rr||As r but with a full roll||cerrado|
|u||As oo in too||uno|
|v||As an English b||ver|
|z||As an English th||cerveza|
As with the letter pronunciation the word stress, or emphasis, always follows predictable rules. Accents (e.g. á) mark the stressed syllable if the stress is irregular. Note that ñ is a seperate letter in Spanish NOT an accent.
|last||Words ending in a consonant||hospital|
|last but one||Words ending in a vowel, -s or -n||
|on the accent||Any words that have an accent (note - ñ is not a stress accent)||también|