The imperfect tense expresses actions that happened in the past that do not have a defined ending. It is usually used to describe the past in more general terms, rather than for specific events.
To conjugate regular -ar verbs in the imperfect tense, add the following endings to the stem:
In the imperfect tense the yo and él/ella/Ud. forms are the same. You can use the pronoun (yo, él etc) if the subject of the verb is not clear from the context.
|Example - cortar / to cut|
|yo||cortaba||I used to cut|
|tú||cortabas||you used to cut|
|él||cortaba||he used to cut|
|nosotros||cortábamos||we used to cut|
|vosotros||cortabais||you used to cut|
|ellos||cortaban||they used to cut|
In the imperfect tense the verb endings are the same for -er and -ir verbs.
|Example - comer / to eat|
|yo||comía||I used to eat|
|tú||comías||you used to eat|
|él||comía||he used to eat|
|nosotros||comíamos||we used to eat|
|vosotros||comíais||you used to eat|
|ellos||comían||they used to eat|
|Example - vivir / to live|
|yo||vivía||I was living|
|tú||vivías||you were living|
|él||vivía||he was living|
|nosotros||vivíamos||we were living|
|vosotros||vivíais||you were living|
|ellos||vivían||they were living|
There are only three verbs that are irrregular in the imperfect form.
Spanish Verbs 123 is a new course from Linguasorb covering all aspects of verbs, featuring over 40 lessons with practice activities.